Syria Has Effectively Ceased to Exist by Jonathan Spyer

Foreign Policy May 19, 2017 DAMASCUS, Syria — On my last night in Damascus, some younger members of the Information Ministry-sponsored delegation in which I was taking part decided to have a drink. It was late April, and the bars…
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Assad’s Hollow Crown by Jonathan Spyer

The Rubin Center May 9, 2017 The mortar shells came early in the morning. At about 5. At regular intervals. Solemn and sinister. They were a reminder of how close it all was. We were in the Damascus Old City….
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The Syrian Sarin Attacks of August 2013 and April 2017 by Lt. Col. (res.) Dr. Dany Shoham

The Besa Center April 26, 2017 BESA Center Perspectives Paper No. 452, April 26, 2017 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: The sarin attacks in Syria of August 2013 and April 2017 resemble one another closely. They reflect a strategic mode that might be…
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