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Hitler’s Shadow Empire Nazi Economics and the Spanish Civil War by Pierpaolo Barbieri Harvard University Press, 368 pp., $22.00 hardcover Reviewed by Stephen Schwartz

The Weekly Standard October 26, 2015 The Spanish Civil War is among the 20th-century military conflicts about which the most continues to be published, and in many languages. Often, new volumes on the three-year (1936-39) bloodbath recapitulate old themes: the…
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Kyrgyzstan Holds a Democratic Election by Stephen Schwartz

The Weekly Standard Blog October 9, 2015 On Sunday, October 4, the Central Asian former-Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan held national elections to its 120-member parliament. The main incumbent party, the reforming Social Democrats (SDPK) were returned to power, and the…
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Macedonian Filmmaker Revives Memory of Earlier Refugees by Stephen Schwartz

The Huffington Post September 29, 2015 The Balkan Republic of Macedonia, with two million residents, has a slender profile in world affairs. Although it went through a bruising internal political struggle earlier this year, as the months passed by, it…
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Schwartz Letter to Financial Times: Muslim women heads of state by Stephen Schwartz

Financial Times [London] September 25, 2015 Sir, Your writer asserts, in “Ameenah Gurib-Fakim set to make her mark as president” (Investing in Mauritius, Special Report, September 23), that Ms Gurib-Fakim is ‘the world’s first female Muslim head of state’. This…
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Shi’i Islam: An Introduction by Najam Haider Cambridge University Press, 244 pp. $27.99, paper. Reviewed by Stephen Schwartz

Middle East Quarterly Fall 2015 Haider’s volume is by no means an introduction to the Shiite tradition in Islam. Rather, it is the author’s analysis of features of Shiism that have drawn his attention, emphasizing details that for a reader…
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When Jewish and Islamic Holy Days Coincide by Stephen Schwartz

The Huffington Post  September 14, 2015 This year – 2015 by the common era (C.E.) calendar – includes an alignment at mid-September of the main holy days in the Jewish and Islamic calendars. At sundown on September 13, Jews observed…
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